Hussain RN., Myneni J., Stappler T., Wong D.:
“Polydimethyl Siloxane as an Internal Tamponade for Vitreoretinal Surgery.”Ophthalmologica. 2017 Apr 19. doi: 10.1159/000470850
To report the efficacy and safety of polydimethyl siloxane (Siluron Xtra) as an internal tamponade.
Audit and adverse event screening of procedures (March 2014-2015).
Patients who had undergone vitreoretinal procedures with Siluron Xtra tamponade were retrospectively analysed with respect to anatomical outcome, visual outcomes, and perioperative complications, in particular intraocular pressure.
All patients who had undergone Siluron Xtra tamponade.
No cases were excluded; however, there were no paediatric or pregnant patients within this cohort. All vitreoretinal cases were included, including retinal detachments, but also trauma, endophthalmitis, and intraocular foreign bodies.
Twenty-eight patients had polydimethyl siloxane as an intraocular tamponade; 24 retinal detachments (83% complicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy ≥grade C), 12 had previous failed surgery, and 4 had procedures for intraocular lymphoma, endophthalmitis, or trauma. Follow-up was 14-20 months, and mean duration of tamponade was 6.8 months (3-12 months). Anatomical success was 79% after polydimethyl siloxane injection, 58% 3 months following removal (14/24), 5 remain with long-term tamponade, and 5 with redetachment under tamponade required further intervention. Five required topical anti-glaucomatous agents, and 1 following trauma required glaucoma surgery. Cataract developed in 3/6 phakic patients, and visible emulsification occurred in a single patient.
Polydimethyl siloxane seems to be an acceptable alternative tamponade agent for the management of complex retinal detachments with comparable anatomical success and comparable rates of raised intraocular pressure to other low-viscosity silicone oil agents, but more importantly, with a lower rate of emulsified oil-related complications, which is important particularly for cases requiring long-term tamponade.